Global Temperature Graph 1880-Present
The seasonal cycle of temperature variation on the earth's surface. This version is labeled in English and Celsius.
The visualization presents the seasonal cycle of temperature variation on the earth's surface. This visualization is updated roughly two weeks after the end of each month.
Temperature anomalies are deviations from a long term global avergage. In this case the period 1951-1980 is used to define the baseline for the anomaly. These temperatures are based on the GISS Surface Temperature Analysis (GISTEMP v4), an estimate of global surface temperature change. The data file used to create this visualization is publically accessible here. The seasonal temperature offsets are based on the MERRA-2 reanalysis data here.
The Goddard Institute of Space Studies (GISS) is a NASA laboratory managed by the Earth Sciences Division of the agency’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland. The laboratory is affiliated with Columbia University’s Earth Institute and School of Engineering and Applied Science in New York.
The seasonal cycle of temperature variation on the earth's surface. This version is labeled in English and Fahrenheit.
The seasonal cycle of temperature variation on the earth's surface. This version is labeled in Spanish and Celsius.
Please give credit for this item to:
NASA's Scientific Visualization Studio
Datasets used in this visualization
GISTEMPID: 585Model Collected with GISS Surface Temperature Analysis (GISTEMP) NASA/GISS
The GISS Surface Temperature Analysis version 4 (GISTEMP v4) is an estimate of global surface temperature change. Graphs and tables are updated around the middle of every month using current data files from NOAA GHCN v4 (meteorological stations) and ERSST v5 (ocean areas), combined as described in our publications Hansen et al. (2010) and Lenssen et al. (2019).
Credit: Lenssen, N., G. Schmidt, J. Hansen, M. Menne, A. Persin, R. Ruedy, and D. Zyss, 2019: Improvements in the GISTEMP uncertainty model. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 124, no. 12, 6307-6326, doi:10.1029/2018JD029522.
This dataset can be found at: https://data.giss.nasa.gov/gistemp/See all pages that use this dataset
MERRA-2 (MERRA-2)ID: 1134Model GMAO
Note: While we identify the data sets used in these visualizations, we do not store any further details, nor the data sets themselves on our site.