X 1.2 flare at Active Region 13256 - March 29, 2023
Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) operates in a geosynchronous orbit around Earth to obtain a continuous view of the Sun. The particular instrument in this visualization records imagery in the ultraviolet portion of the spectrum at wavelengths normally absorbed by Earth's atmosphere - so we need to observe them from space.
Active region AR13256 near the lower right solar limb launches an X 1.2 class flare. For more information on the classification of solar flares, see Solar Flares: What Does It Take to Be X-Class? or X-Class: A Guide to Solar Flares. The point-spread function correction (PSF) has been applied to all this imagery.
Active Region 13256 (lower right of solar disk) fires off an X1.2 flare in this view from SDO/AIA filter 171 angstroms.
Active Region 13256 (lower right of solar disk) fires off an X1.2 flare in this view from SDO/AIA filter 304 angstroms.
Active Region 13256 (lower right of solar disk) fires off an X1.2 flare in this view from SDO/AIA filter 131 angstroms.
What is the PSF (Point Spread-Function)?Many telescopes, especially reflecting telescopes such as the ones used on SDO (Wikipedia), have internal structures that support various optical components. These components can result in incoming light being scattered to other parts of the image. This can appear in the image as a faint haze, brightening dark areas and dimming bright areas. The point-spread function (Wikipedia) is a measure of how light that would normally be received by a single camera pixel, gets scattered onto other pixels. This is often seen as the "spikes" seen in images of bright stars. For SDO, it manifests as a double-X shape centered over a bright flare (see Sun Emits Third Solar Flare in Two Days). The effect of this scattered light can be computed, and removed, by a process called deconvolution (Wikipedia). This is often a very compute-intensive process which can be sped up by using a computers graphics-processing unit (GPU) for the computation.
Time slates for the multiple movies above, for custom compositing. Make sure to match the event and frame tag for the SDO frames you are using.
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NASA's Scientific Visualization Studio
MissionsThis visualization is related to the following missions:
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Datasets used in this visualization
SDO AIA 304 (304 Filter)ID: 677Collected with AIA JOINT SCIENCE OPERATIONS CENTER 2023-03-29T01:30:00 - 2023-03-29T06:00:00
SDO AIA 171 (171 Filter)ID: 680Collected with AIA JOINT SCIENCE OPERATIONS CENTER 2023-03-29T01:30:00 - 2023-03-29T06:00:00
SDO AIA 131 (131 Filter)ID: 730Collected with AIA JOINT SCIENCE OPERATIONS CENTER 2023-03-29T01:30:00 - 2023-03-29T06:00:00
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