Inside Cyclone Winston (February 20, 2016)

  • Released Friday, March 11, 2016

Turntable visualization of Cyclone Winston with a cutting plane through the storm's eye. As the camera swings around the cyclone, the cutting plane stays perpendicular to the camera revealing a cross-section of the cyclone's internal precipitation rates. Extremely heavy precipitation remains outside of the clipping plane, showing a wall of heavy rain around the eye.
This video is also available on our YouTube channel.

The NASA GPM satellite passed directly over Tropical Cyclone Winston just after it made landfall on the north coast of Viti Levu Island, which is the largest and most populated island in the nation of Fiji. At the time, Winston was one of the most intense tropical cyclones observed in the South Pacific Ocean, and took an unusual track on the way to Fiji, completing a large counter-clockwise loop during the preceding week.

NASA's GPM satellite is designed to measure rainfall using both passive microwave (GMI) and radar (DPR) instruments. GMI measurements are sensitive to the column-integrated rain and ice water, and cover a wide swath, whereas the DPR can observe 3D structures of radar signals reflected by rain and snow in a narrower swath. In this animation, the GMI rainfall estimates are shown at the Earth's surface below the 3D storm structure revealed by DPR.

Color bar for frozen precipitation rates (ie, snow rates). Shades of cyan represent low amounts of frozen precipitation, whereas shades of purple represent high amounts of precipitation.

Color bar for frozen precipitation rates (ie, snow rates). Shades of cyan represent low amounts of frozen precipitation, whereas shades of purple represent high amounts of precipitation.

Color bar for liquid precipitation rates (ie, rain rates). Shades of green represent low amounts of liquid precipitation, whereas shades of red represent high amounts of precipitation.

Color bar for liquid precipitation rates (ie, rain rates). Shades of green represent low amounts of liquid precipitation, whereas shades of red represent high amounts of precipitation.

Print resolution still showing a nadir view of Cyclone Winston's surface precipitation rates over the Fiji Islands via GPM's GPROF algorithm.

Print resolution still showing a nadir view of Cyclone Winston's surface precipitation rates over the Fiji Islands via GPM's GPROF algorithm.

Print resolution still of a bisected Cyclone Winston with Fiji's main island in the foreground. Even with the eye of the storm Northwest of the main island, one can still see a very heavy precipitation event occuring over the central part of the main island. Volumetric precipitation data is provided by GPM's DPR sensor. Surface precipitation is provided by GPM's GPROF algorithm.

Print resolution still of a bisected Cyclone Winston with Fiji's main island in the foreground. Even with the eye of the storm Northwest of the main island, one can still see a very heavy precipitation event occuring over the central part of the main island. Volumetric precipitation data is provided by GPM's DPR sensor. Surface precipitation is provided by GPM's GPROF algorithm.



Credits

Please give credit for this item to:
NASA's Scientific Visualization Studio

Release date

This page was originally published on Friday, March 11, 2016.
This page was last updated on Monday, July 15, 2024 at 12:04 AM EDT.


Missions

This visualization is related to the following missions:

Series

This visualization can be found in the following series:

Datasets used in this visualization

  • CPC (Climate Prediction Center) Cloud Composite

    ID: 600
    Type: Data CompilationDates used: 2/20/2016 9:41:30 Z

    Global cloud cover from multiple satellites

    See all pages that use this dataset
  • Rain Rates (Surface Precipitation) [GPM: GMI]

    ID: 822
    Sensor: GMIDates used: 2/20/2016 9:25:32 - 10:58:03 Z

    Credit: Data provided by the joint NASA/JAXA GPM mission.

    See all pages that use this dataset
  • Volumetric Precipitation data (Ku) [GPM: DPR]

    ID: 830
    Type: Observed DataSensor: DPRDates used: 2/20/2016 9:41:28 - 10:11:27 Z

    Credit: Data provided by the joint NASA/JAXA GPM mission.

    See all pages that use this dataset

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