A Decade of Sun
This 10-year time lapse of the Sun at 17.1nm shows the rise and fall of the solar cycle and notable events, like transiting planets and solar eruptions.
Music: "Solar Observer" written and produced for this video by Lars Leonhard.
Credit: NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center/SDO
Watch this video on the NASA Goddard YouTube channel.
Complete transcript available.
As of June 2020, NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory — SDO — has now been watching the Sun non-stop for over a full decade. From its orbit in space around the Earth, SDO has gathered 425 million high-resolution images of the Sun, amassing 20,000,000 gigabytes of data over the past ten years. This information has enabled countless new discoveries about the workings of our closest star and how it influences the solar system.
With a triad of instruments, SDO captures an image of the Sun every 0.75 seconds. The Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) instrument alone captures images every 12 seconds at 10 different wavelengths of light. This 10-year time lapse showcases photos taken at a wavelength of 17.1 nanometers, which is an extreme ultraviolet wavelength that shows the Sun’s outermost atmospheric layer the corona. Compiling one photo every hour, the movie condenses a decade of the Sun into 61 minutes. The video shows the rise and fall in activity that occurs as part of the Sun’s 11-year solar cycle and notable events, like transiting planets and eruptions. The custom music, titled “Solar Observer,” was composed by musician Lars Leonhard.
While SDO has kept an unblinking eye pointed towards the Sun, there have been a few moments it missed. The dark frames in the video are caused by Earth or the Moon eclipsing SDO as they pass between the spacecraft and the Sun. A longer blackout in 2016 was caused by a temporary issue with the AIA instrument that was successfully resolved after a week. The images where the Sun is off-center were observed when SDO was calibrating its instruments.
SDO and other NASA missions will continue to watch our Sun in the years to come, providing further insights about our place in space and information to keep our astronauts and assets safe.
• Learn more about SDO
• Ten Things We’ve Learned About the Sun From NASA’s SDO This Decade
This composite image is made from 151 individual SDO frames. They span the full ten-year run of the time lapse and a few notable events are hidden within it.
Condensed time lapse for social media. All ten years of SDO's solar observation are squeezed into less than one minute.
Please give credit for this item to:
NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center. However, individual items should be credited as indicated above.