Hubble and Going Forward to the Moon
- Produced by:
- Paul Morris
- View full credits
The Hubble team used the telescope’s powerful instruments to work as a prospector for the Moon’s surface, searching for resources that would help future human-led missions mine and utilize those materials to “live off the land” of the Moon.
Hubble’s lunar research led the way for future missions, such as the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter, helping men and women to go forward to the Moon by 2024!
For more information, visit https://nasa.gov/hubble.
Credit: NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center/Paul Morris.
Music credits: "Tracer" by Max Cameron Concors [ASCAP]; Killer Tracks Production Music. “Insights” by Axel Coon [GEMA], Ralf Goebel [GEMA] Killer Tracks Production Music. “Transitions” by Ben Niblett [PRS], Jon Cotton [PRS] Killer Tracks Production Music. “Interstellar Spacecraft” by JC Lemay [SACEM] Killer Tracks Production Music.
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Please give credit for this item to:
NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center
- David Leckrone (NASA)
- James Garvin (NASA, Chief Scientist Goddard)
- Jennifer Wiseman (NASA/GSFC)
- Knicole Colon (NASA/GSFC)
- Paul Morris (KBRwyle) [Lead]
- John Caldwell (AIMM)
- Rob Andreoli (AIMM)
- Aaron E. Lepsch (ADNET)
MissionsThis visualization is related to the following missions:
Hubble Views the Moon to Study Earth
Aug. 6th, 2020Read more
Master VersionHorizontal version. This is for use on any YouTube or non-YouTube platform where you want to display the video horizontally. Vertical VersionThis vertical version of the episode is for IGTV or Snapchat. The IGTV episode can be pulled into Instagram Stories and the regular Instagram feed. Taking advantage of the total lunar eclipse of January 2019, astronomers, using NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope, have measured the amount of ozone in the Earth’s atmosphere. The method used serves as a proxy for how they will observe earthlike planets around other stars in search for worlds similar to our own.For more information, visit https://nasa.gov/hubble.Visualizations:NASA/GSFC: K. Kim — Moonbounce AnimationESA, NASA and L. Calçada (ESO) — Artist's concept of exoplanet orbiting FomalhautESA, Hubble, M. Kornmesser —Absorption Lines & ExoplanetsNASA/GSFC: Chris Smith — TOI 700 system transit Animation ESA, Hubble, M. Kornmesser & L. L. Christensen — HD 189733b transiting its parent star (artist's impression) ESA, ESO/L. Calçada, M. Kornmesser & L. L. Christensen (ESA/Hubble) — Exoplanet Transit MethodVideos & Images: NASA Goddard Space Flight Center European Space AgencySpace Telescope Science InstituteJanuary 2019 Moon Image taken by Kevin HartnettArtbeats Stock Footage — Footage of leafPond5 Stock Footage — Footage of weeping willowfootagefirm — Footage of sunrise and cloudsMusic Credits:“Life Unplanned” by Paul Saunderson [ PRS ]. Abbey Road Masters [ PRS ], and Universal Production Music Related pages
NASA Explorers | Season Two: Apollo
June 19th, 2019Read more
NASA Explorers: Apollo is an audio series that tells stories of the Moon and the people who explore it. Coming soon, you can listen to NASA Explorers: Apollo on: Apple Podcasts, SoundCloud, Google Play and Facebook Watch. Music: Tycho's Daydream by Daniel WyantisComplete transcript available. Help NASA celebrate the 50th anniversary of the Apollo 11 Moon landing by submitting your story to our NASA Explorers: Apollo oral history project. Music: Tycho's Daydream by Daniel WyantisComplete transcript available. Sonification is the process of translating data into sound and music. In this musical data sonification of lunar knowledge and exploration, we can hear the progress made throughout the Apollo program to now as our understanding of the Moon expands. Listen to the percussion, which signals launches and the passage of time; the pitch of the string and brass instruments conveys the amount of scientific activity associated with the Moon over time.Data compiled by NASA using Google Scholar. Each year's data represents the number of articles, citations and patents dated in that year and returned by Google Scholar when applying a certain set of keywords.Credit: SYSTEM Sounds/Matt Russo and Andrew SantaguidaComplete transcript available. The artwork in this commemorative poster celebrates the spirit of exploration we carry with us as we go forward to the Moon. The astronaut, ever-reaching, keeps their gaze locked on our Moon. Behind the astronaut, a circular window into star-studded outer space beckons, showing that our mission to explore the great beyond doesn’t end with the Moon. This is only the beginning. Credit: NASA/Stephanie Zeller NASA Moon data expert Ernie Wright created this digital 3D model of the Moon using global elevation maps and image mosaics from the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter mission. The lighting is derived from actual Sun angles during lunar days in 2018.Credits: NASA/LRO/Ernie Wright Left: Denis Petro is a doctor and biomedical engineer who helped NASA ensure the Apollo astronauts stayed alive, healthy and comfortable while exploring the Moon. This newspaper article from 1972 commends Petro for his research on measuring pain thresholds. Right: In a photo taken by his father, NASA lunar scientist Noah Petro stands in front of an Apollo-era Saturn V rocket on display at NASA’s Johnson Space Center. Denis later had the photo signed by Apollo astronaut Buzz Aldrin. Credit: Photos courtesy of Noah Petro NASA scientists Sarah Valencia, Barbara Cohen and Natalie Curran hold lunar rock and soil samples collected during the Apollo missions. NASA’s Mid-Atlantic Noble Gas Research Laboratory (MNGRL) studies rocks from the Moon and Mars to learn more about their age, which sheds light on how our solar system formed.Credit: NASA/Molly Wasser During the Apollo program, six crews of astronauts landed on the Moon and installed science experiments on the lunar surface. This label outlines the information contained on a tape full of restored data from the Apollo 17 mission.Credits: NASA/Patrick Taylor Episode 1: Giant LeapsFull episodeWhat does a half-century of lunar science sound like? Join Moon data expert Ernie Wright on a musical time-traveling journey through the Apollo program and the exploration era of today. We explore what we knew about the Moon before Apollo, what we discovered because of it and the mysteries today’s scientists are working to solve.Elena, from Nantes, France, shares her memory of watching the Apollo 11 landing from a friend’s house in Seattle.Listen to the NASA Explorers: Apollo audio series. Data sonification by Matt Russo and Andrew Santaguida of SYSTEM SoundsMusic by Lee Rosevere and Daniel WytanisComplete transcript available. Episode 2: The Family Moon BusinessFull episode Lunar exploration runs in the family for the Petros. NASA lunar scientist Noah Petro interviews his father, Denis, about his work as an Apollo program engineer. In a heartfelt conversation, Noah and his dad examine the human impact of the momentous Apollo 11 mission and their shared passion for science and learning. Ginny from Danville, Kentucky, tells a story about celebrating the Moon landing with her childhood friends and a secret lemonade stand.Music by Lee Rosevere and Daniel WytanisComplete transcript available. Episode 3: Moon GirlFull episodeMeet the scientists who are making big discoveries by studying some very tiny rocks. The women of NASA’s Mid-Atlantic Noble Gas Research Laboratory (MNGRL) are getting ready to analyze never-before-seen Moon samples. These samples, collected by Apollo astronauts and brought back to Earth, have been carefully preserved for half a century so they could be studied by future generations of scientists. Sophie, a 13-year-old from Athens, Greece, shares how lunar exploration inspires her to become an astrophysicist.Music by Lee Rosevere and Daniel WytanisComplete transcript available. Episode 4: Moon DetectiveFull episodeWhat happened to the lost data from the Apollo era? Get to know the “data detectives” who are tracking it down. The science experiments the Apollo astronauts conducted from the surface of the Moon provide a long-term data record that’s crucial to understanding our Moon as a complete system. Today’s scientists are looking forward to future human exploration of the Moon and the discoveries to follow. Ketan from Sugarland, Texas, tells us about his childhood in Mumbai, India, and how his father made sure his children got a firsthand look at the Moon landing.Music by Lee Rosevere and Daniel WytanisComplete transcript available. NASA Explorers: Apollo is an audio series that tells stories about our Moon and the people who explore it. During the Apollo program, the Moon became a part of the human domain. Twelve astronauts walked on the lunar surface, conducted research there and collected Moon rocks to bring back to Earth for study. Fifty years after humanity’s first steps on the Moon, today’s lunar scientists are searching for answers to the big questions: How did the Moon form? How did our solar system evolve? Did the Moon help life on Earth get its start?Meet a Moon detective, scientists who study space rocks and people from all over the world whose lives were shaped by the epic adventures of the Apollo program. You can listen to NASA Explorers: Apollo on:Apple PodcastsSoundCloudGoogle PlayFacebook WatchThe multimedia assets are available for download on this page. For More InformationSee [nasa.gov/apollostories](nasa.gov/apollostories) Related pages
NASA Selects First Commercial Moon Landing Services for Artemis Program Live Shots
May 30th, 2019Read more
We are going to the Moon, to stay, by 2024. And this is how. And this is how. Credit: NASA We are going to the Moon, to stay, by 2024. And this is how. And this is how. Credit: NASA B-roll of the lander models at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, MD. More information about the campanies is HERE. NASA has selected three commercial Moon landing service providers that will deliver science and technology payloads under Commercial Lunar Payload Services (CLPS) as part of the Artemis program. Each commercial lander will carry NASA-provided payloads that will conduct science investigations and demonstrate advanced technologies on the lunar surface, paving the way for NASA astronauts to land on the lunar surface by 2024.As part of their submissions, each partner proposed flying specific NASA instruments to the lunar surface. By the end of the summer, NASA will determine which payloads will fly on each flight. The potential payloads include instruments that will conduct new lunar science, pinpoint lander position, measure the lunar radiation environment, assess how lander and astronaut activity affects the Moon, and assist with navigation precision, among other capabilities.The selections are:Astrobotic of Pittsburghhas been awarded $79.5 million and has proposed to fly as many as 14 payloads to Lacus Mortis, a large crater on the near side of the Moon, by July 2021.Intuitive Machines of Houston has been awarded $77 million. The company has proposed to fly as many as five payloads to Oceanus Procellarum, a scientifically intriguing dark spot on the Moon, by July 2021.Orbit Beyond of Edison, New Jersey, has been awarded $97 million and has proposed to fly as many as four payloads to Mare Imbrium, a lava plain in one of the Moon’s craters, by September 2020.The teleconference audio will stream live at: HEREFor more information about NASA’s Moon to Mars exploration plans: CLICK HERE For More InformationSee [https://www.nasa.gov/press-release/nasa-to-announce-selection-of-science-commercial-moon-landing-services-hold-media/](https://www.nasa.gov/press-release/nasa-to-announce-selection-of-science-commercial-moon-landing-services-hold-media/) Related pages
Servicing Mission 4 Overview
May 11th, 2019Read more
Master versionHorizontal version. This is for use on any YouTube or non-YouTube platform where you want to display the video horizontally. Square versionThis is a square 1:1 version of the video designed for Facebook or any other platform where you want to display a full-length square version of the video. Vertical versionThis vertical version of the episode is for IGTV or Snapchat. The IGTV episode can be pulled into Instagram Stories and the regular Instagram feed. On May 11, 2009, the brave crew of Space Shuttle Atlantis lifted off to make NASA's Hubble Space Telescope more powerful than ever before. Hubble's Servicing Mission 4 (SM4) was the most ambitious and complicated to date. Changing out two major science instruments and repairing two others while in space helped to make this mission truly memorable. Thanks to the astronauts of SM4, the Hubble Space Telescope is at the apex of its power and capabilities. To celebrate SM4’s 10 year anniversary, this video gives a quick and in-depth review on the accomplishments of this historic mission. The tools and the knowledge gleaned from SM4 are used today by astronauts on the International Space Station, and will be critical to NASA's future crewed missions to the Moon and Mars. For more information, visit https://nasa.gov/hubble. Credit: NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center/Paul Morris.Music credits: "Aerial" by Oliver Worth [PRS]; Killer Tracks Production Music For More InformationSee [https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/hubble/servicing/index.html](https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/hubble/servicing/index.html) Related pages
A New Look at the Apollo 11 Landing Site
July 18th, 2014Read more
The Apollo 11 landing site visualized in three dimensions using photography and a stereo digital elevation model from the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter Camera. Transcript.This video is also available on our YouTube channel. The unedited visualization used in the feature. The camera zooms up to the Apollo 11 Lunar Module as seen in LROC NAC image M175124932R, then the view tilts and rotates to reveal the topography of the landing site. The animation loops seamlessly. Three photographs taken on the surface of the Moon by Apollo 11 astronaut Neil Armstrong. Fellow moonwalker Buzz Aldrin is setting up the retroreflector and seismometer experiments that are also visible in LROC images of the site. The flag and TV camera are in the background to the left of the LM. The waxing crescent Moon as it appeared from Earth on July 20, 1969. The blue dot marks the site of the Apollo 11 landing in Mare Tranquillitatis, where it was early morning. Apollo 11 landed on the Moon on July 20th, 1969, a little after 4:00 in the afternoon Eastern Daylight Time. The Lunar Module, nicknamed Eagle and flown by Neil Armstrong and Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin, touched down near the southern rim of the Sea of Tranquility, one of the large, dark basins that contribute to the Man in the Moon visible from Earth. Armstrong and Aldrin spent about two hours outside the LM setting up experiments and collecting samples. At one point, Armstrong ventured east of the LM to examine a small crater, dubbed Little West, that he'd flown over just before landing.The trails of disturbed regolith created by the astronauts' boots are still clearly visible in photographs of the landing site taken by the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) narrow-angle camera (LROC) more than four decades later.LROC imagery makes it possible to visit the landing site in a whole new way by flying around a three-dimensional model of the site. LROC scientists created the digital elevation model using a stereo pair of images. Each image in the pair shows the site from a slightly different angle, allowing sophisticated software to infer the shape of the terrain, similar to the way that left and right eye views are combined in the brain to produce the perception of depth.The animator draped an LROC photograph over the terrain model. He also added a 3D model of the LM descent stage—the real LM in the photograph looks oddly flat when viewed at an oblique angle.Although the area around the site is relatively flat by lunar standards, West Crater (the big brother of the crater visited by Armstrong) appears in dramatic relief near the eastern edge of the terrain model. Ejecta from West comprises the boulders that Armstrong had to avoid as he searched for a safe landing site.Apollo 11 was the first of six increasingly ambitious crewed lunar landings. The exploration of the lunar surface by the Apollo astronauts, when combined with the wealth of remote sensing data now being returned by LRO, continues to inform our understanding of our nearest neighbor in space. Related pages